BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘remain’

Argument frame: X (have) Y left
Stimulus sentence: (P. had 100 euro, but he bought a TV, so now) P. has 10 euros left.
Predicate label Ru: оставаться
Argument frame Ru: у X -а (оставаться) Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: (У П. было 100 долларов, но он купил телевизор и теперь) у П. осталось 10 долларов .

Abaza [zə-]ʕa-n-χa

Valency pattern: BEN_ABS
X: BEN
Y: ABS
Locus: X
rasúl ẑa–dollar-ḳ j-zə́-ʕa-n-χa-d
pn ten–dollar- unit 3 pl . abs +3 sg . m . io - ben - cisl - loc -become( aor )- dcl
‘Rasul has ten dollars left.’

Aghul fame-

Valency pattern: APUD_ABS
X: APUD
Y: ABS
Locus: X
aslan.a-w ic’u manat fame-a
pn - apud 10 ruble { apud }remain- prs
‘Aslan has 10 rubles left.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic payəš

Valency pattern: ces_SBJ
X: ces
Y: SBJ
Locus: X
cəs yala sura pəš-lə əmma +manət zuzə
near boy( m ) small. m remain. pst - ls .3 m hundred rouble( m ) money( pl )
‘The boy has one hundred roubles left.’
Note: Non-Urmi speaker.

Brazilian Portuguese

Valency pattern: SBJ_com
X: SBJ
Y: com
Locus: Y
Pedro ficou com 10 dólares
‘У Педру осталось 10 долларов.’

Czech zůstat

Valency pattern: DAT_NOM
X: DAT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
Petr-ovi zůsta-l-o deset dolar-ů
pn ( m )- dat . sg remain( pfv )- pst - n . sg ten[ nom ] dollar( m )- gen . pl
‘Petr has ten dollars left.’

Finnish jäädä

Valency pattern: ALL_NOM
X: ALL
Y: NOM
Locus: X
Peka-lle jä-i yksi euro
pn - all remain- pst .3 sg one. nom euro. nom
‘Pekka has 1 euro left.’

Forest Enets kaji

Valency pattern: TOP_NOM
X: TOP
Y: NOM
Locus: X
modʲi kasa-jʔ dʲuʔ bɛse-za kaja
i man- nom . sg .1 sg hundred iron- nom . sg .3 sg stay_behind( pfv ).3 sg . s
‘My friend has one hundred roubles left’.

Latin supersum

Valency pattern: DAT_NOM
X: DAT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
quamvis null-a me-i superest tibi cur-a
although no- nom . sg . f my- dat . sg . m remain. prs . ind . act .3 sg you. dat care( f )- nom . sg
‘Although you have no thought of me anymore.’
Note: (Lygd. 6)

Modern Hebrew niʃar-u

Valency pattern: le_SBJ
X: le
Y: SBJ
Locus: X
niʃar-u le Pinχas asara juro
be.left-3 pl to pn ten[ m ] euro
‘Pinchas has ten euro left.’

Nanai osigo-

Valency pattern: DAT_NOM
X: DAT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
Pətjə-du ǯoan tiəsə ose-go-xa-ni
pn - dat ten rouble become- rep - pst - p .3 sg
‘Petia has ten roubles left.’

Norwegian Bokmål å ha igjen

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
ha-r Per 10 dollar igjen
now have- prs pn 10 dollar again
‘Per has ten dollars left.’

Polish zostać

Valency pattern: DAT_NOM
X: DAT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
zosta-ł-o Anni-e dziesięć dolar-ów
remain: pfv - pst - n .3 sg pn - dat . sg ten[ nom ] dollar- gen . pl
‘Anna has ten dollars left.’

Russian ostatʹsja

Valency pattern: uGEN_NOM
X: uGEN
Y: NOM
Locus: X
u Pet-i osta-l-o-sʹ desjatʹ dollar-ov
at pn ( m )- gen . sg remain( pfv )- pst - n . sg - refl ten[ nom ] dollar( m )- gen . pl
‘Petja has ten dollars left.’

Rutul χamabani wiɁi

Valency pattern: APUD_NOM
X: APUD
Y: NOM
Locus: X
rasul-da χa-ma<b>a-ni w-iɁi jic’ɨ-d manud
pn - apud pv -<3>remain- cvb 3- cop ten-4 rouble( nom )
‘Rasul has 10 roubles left.’

Skolt Saami leeʹd teänab

Valency pattern: LOC_NOM
X: LOC
Y: NOM
Locus: X
Peâtt-ast lie teänab pâi 10 eurr-âd
pn - sg . loc be. prs .3 pl (any)more only 10 euro- part
‘Pete has only 10 euros left.’
Note: Non-verbal predicate. The Y argument (‘10 euros’) is in the nominative case, the use of the partitive case is determined by the numeral.

Slovenian ostati

Valency pattern: DAT_NOM
X: DAT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
An-i je osta-l-o deset dolarj-ev
pn - dat . sg aux .3 sg remain: pfv - lpt - n . sg 10[ nom ] dollar- gen . pl
‘Ana has 10 dollars left.’

Swedish att ha kvar

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Björn ha-r 10 euro kvar
pn have- prs 10 euro left
‘Björn has ten euro left.’

Turkish kalmak

Valency pattern: GEN_NOM
X: GEN
Y: NOM
Locus: X
Mehmed-in şimdi on lira-sı kal-dı
pn - gen now ten lira- p .3 remain- pst
‘Now Mehmet has 10 liras left.’

Ulcha puləǯu-

Valency pattern: DAT_NOM
X: DAT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
ama-du um taŋgu gumasaka-kən pulə-ǯu-xə-n
father- dat one hundred rouble- rstr be_redundant- rep - pst -3 sg
‘Father has one hundred roubles left.’

Zilo Andi <b>-ekː.u-j

Valency pattern: CONT_NOM
X: CONT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
ali-tʃ’u hots’o-ɡu som b-ekː.u-j
pn - cont ten- card rouble[ inan 1][ nom ] inan 1-stay. pst - pf
‘Ali has ten roubles left.’