BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘read’

Argument frame: X (read) Y
Stimulus sentence: P. read an interesting book .
Predicate label Ru: читать
Argument frame Ru: X (читать) Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: П. прочитал интересную книгу .

Abaza

Valency pattern: ABS_IO
X: ABS
Y: IO
Locus: Y
a-phʷə́spa k’tap–ǯ’aš’áqʷa-ḳ d-á-pχ’a-ṭ
def -girl book–interesting- indf 3 sg . h . abs -3 sg . n . io -read( aor )- dcl
‘The girl read an interesting book.’

Aghul

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
aslan.a sa iǯe kitab ruχ.u-ne
pn ( erg ) one good book read. pf - aor
‘Aslan read a good book.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
brata +kri-la +spay ctava
girl( f ) read. pst - ls .3 f good book( m )
‘The girl read a good book.’

Czech

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Petr přečet-l zajímav-ou knih-u
pn ( m )[ nom . sg ] read( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ] interesting- f . acc . sg book( f )- acc . sg
‘Petr read an interesting book.’

Finnish

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: GEN~PART~NOM
Locus: TR
Pekka luk-i mielenkiintoisen kirja-n
pn . nom read- pst .3 sg interesting. gen book- gen
‘Pekka read an interesting book.’

Forest Enets

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
modʲi kasa-jʔ pazu-da tota-za
i man- nom . sg .1 sg paper- obl . sg .3 sg count( pfv )-3 sg . so sg
‘My friend read the letter’.

Latin

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Puer-Ø leg-it epistul-am inscript-am patr-i su-o
мальчик( m )- nom . sg читать[ prf . ind ]- act .3 sg письмо( f )- acc . sg писать. prf . ptcp . pass - acc . sg . f отец( m )- dat . sg свой- dat . sg . m
‘Мальчик прочитал письмо, написанное его отцу.’
Note: (Cic. Ep. ad Att. VI, 3, 8)

Modern Hebrew

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pinχas kara sefer meanjen
pn read[ pst .3 sg . m ] book interesting
‘Pinchas read an interesting book.’

Nanai

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Petia ərdəŋgə daŋgsa-wa xola-xa-ni
pn удивительный книга- obl читать- pst - p .3 sg
‘Петя прочитал интересную книгу.’

Norwegian Bokmål

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Per les-te en interessant bok
pn read- pst indf . m . sg interesting book
‘Per read an interesting book.’

Polish

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Ann-a przeczyta-ł-a ciekaw-ą książk-ę
pn - nom . sg прочитать: pfv - pst - f .3 sg интересный- f . acc . sg книга- acc . sg
‘Анна прочитала интересную книгу.’

Russian

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Pet-ja pročita-l interesn-uju knig-u
pn ( m )- nom . sg read( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ] interesting- f . acc . sg book( f )- acc . sg
‘Petja read an interesting book.’

Rutul

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
rasul-a q’ɨle hɨɁɨ-r ɢalin-dɨ kitab
pn - erg read 4.do. pfv - cvb thick- attr book( nom )
‘Rasul read a thick book.’

Skolt Saami

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peâtt looǥǥ-i miõllǩiõʹssi ǩeeʹrj
pn . sg . nom read- pst .3 sg interesting book. sg . acc
‘Pete read an interesting book.’

Slovenian

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
An-a je prebra-l-a zanimiv-o knjig-o
pn - nom . sg aux .3 sg read: pfv - lpt - f . sg interesting- acc . sg . f book- acc . sg
‘Ana read an interesting book.’

Swedish

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Björn läs-te en intressant bok
pn read- pst indf . c . sg interesting. indf . sg book
‘Björn read an interesting book.’

Turkish

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Mehmet ilginç bir kitap oku-du
pn interesting one book read- pst
‘Mehmet read an interesting book.’

Ulcha

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
xusə piktə səbǯińul daŋsa-wa taun-či-ni
male child interesting book- acc read- pst -3 sg
‘The boy read an interesting book.’

Zilo Andi

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
pat’imati-di baʔ.i interesni χutʃa
pn - erg read. pst ( aor ) interesting book[ inan 2][ nom ]
‘Patimat has read an interesting book.’