BivalTyp

Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘punish’

Argument frame: X (punish) Y
Stimulus sentence: (P.’s son was misbehaving.) P. punished his son .
Predicate label Ru: наказывать
Argument frame Ru: X (наказывать) Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: (Сын П. плохо себя вел) П. наказал своего сына .

Abaza

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
*
*
*
Note: No satisfactory translation has been obtained.

Aghul

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
aslan.a uč.i-n gada nakːazat q’.u-ne
pn ( erg ) self- gen son <punish> do. pf - aor
‘Aslan punished his son.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

Valency pattern: SBJ_ka
X: SBJ
Y: ka
Locus: Y
baxta +suvər-ra ka brat-o
woman( f ) swear. pst - ls .3 f to girl( f )- p .3 f
‘The woman punished her daughter.’
Note: Non-Urmi speaker. Arguably, the translation is not very accurate. +taləm 'to punish' seems to belong to the same class.

Forest Enets

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
*
*
*
Note: No satisfactory translation has been obtained.

Modern Hebrew

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pinχas heenish et ha ben ʃel-o
pn punish[ pst .3 sg . m ] do def son poss -3 sg . m
‘Pinchas punished his son.’

Norwegian Bokmål

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Per straffe-t sønn-en sin
pn punish- pst son- def . m . sg poss . refl . m . sg
‘Per punished his son.’

Russian

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Pet-ja nakaza-l svo-ego syn-a
pn ( m )- nom . sg punish( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ] one’s- m . acc . sg son( m )- acc . sg
‘Petja punished his son.’

Rutul

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
*
*
*
Note: No satisfactory translation has been obtained.

Skolt Saami

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
*
*
*
Note: No satisfactory translation has been obtained.

Slovenian

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peter je kaznova-l sin-a
pn [ nom . sg ] aux .3 sg punish: pfv - lpt [ m . sg ] son- acc . sg
‘Peter punished his.’

Turkish

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Mehmet oğl-u-nu cezalandır-dı
pn son- p .3- acc punish- pst
‘Mehmet punished his son.’

Zilo Andi

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
*
*
*
Note: No satisfactory translation has been obtained.