BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘obey’

Argument frame: X (obey) Y
Stimulus sentence: (M. is a mischievous boy, but) P. always listens to / obeys his mother .
Predicate label Ru: слушаться
Argument frame Ru: X (слушаться) Y -a
Stimulus sentence Ru: (М. хулиган, плохо себя ведет, а) П. слушается маму .

Abaza

Valency pattern: ABS_BEN
X: ABS
Y: BEN
Locus: Y
rasúl j-an d-lə-z-ʒərʕʷ-ə́j-d
pn 3 sg . m . io -mother 3 sg . h . abs -3 sg . f . io - ben -listen- prs - dcl
‘Rasul obeys his mother.’

Aghul

Valency pattern: ERG_SUPER
X: ERG
Y: SUPER
Locus: Y
aslan.a baw.a-l ubur lix.a-a
pn ( erg ) mother- super ear { super }put. ipf - prs
‘Aslan listens to his mother.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

Valency pattern: SBJ_ka
X: SBJ
Y: ka
Locus: Y
yala +bəšmay=əl ka +rabit-u
boy( m ) hear. prog =3 m to teacher( f )- p .3 m
‘This boy obeys his mother.’

Czech

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Petr poslouchá mamink-u
pn ( m )[ nom . sg ] listen( ipfv ). prs .3 sg mother( f )- acc . sg
‘Petr listens to his mother.’

Finnish

Valency pattern: NOM_PART
X: NOM
Y: PART
Locus: Y
Pekka tottel-ee äiti-ä-än aina
pn . nom obey- prs .3 sg mother- part - poss .3 sg always
‘Pekka always obeys his mother.’

Forest Enets

Valency pattern: NOM_DAT
X: NOM
Y: DAT
Locus: Y
modʲi kasa-jʔ ɛɛ-xo-da dʲuzire-ubi
i man- nom . sg .1 sg mother- dat . sg - obl . sg .3 sg listen( ipfv )- hab .3 sg . s
‘My friend obeys his mother’.

Latin

Valency pattern: NOM_DAT
X: NOM
Y: DAT
Locus: Y
Non adeo pare-b-imus omni-a matr-i
не настолько слушаться- fut . ind - act .1 pl весь- acc . pl . n мать( f )- dat . sg
‘Не настолько во всем мы будем слушаться мать.’
Note: (Stat. Ach. I, 660)

Modern Hebrew

Valency pattern: SBJ_le
X: SBJ
Y: le
Locus: Y
Pinχas tamid makʃiv le ima ʃel-o
pn always listen[ ptcp . sg . m ] to mother poss -3 sg . m
‘Pinchas always listens to his mother.’

Nanai

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Petia əni-mbi dosiǯa-j-ni
pn мать- p . refl . sg слушать- npst - p .3 sg
‘Петя слушается маму.’

Norwegian Bokmål

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Per adlyde-r mamma-en sin
pn obey- prs mother- def . m . sg poss . refl . f . sg
‘Per obeys his mother.’

Polish

Valency pattern: NOM_GEN
X: NOM
Y: GEN
Locus: Y
Ann-a słucha się mam-y
pn - nom . sg слушать: ipfv . prs .3 sg refl мама- gen . sg
‘Анна слушается маму.’

Russian

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Pet-ja sluša-et-sja mam-u
pn ( m )- nom . sg listen( ipfv )- prs .3 sg - refl mum( f )- acc . sg
‘Petja listens to his mother.’

Rutul

Valency pattern: ERG_SUB
X: ERG
Y: SUB
Locus: Y
islam-a nin-ɨ-χda ubɨr q-ass-a=r-a
pn - erg mother- obl - sub ear pv -1.listen. ipfv - cvb =be- pst
‘Rasul always obeys his mother.’

Skolt Saami

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peâtt pâi jäkktââll suu jieʹnn
pn . sg . nom always obey. prs .3 sg 3 sg . gen mother. sg . acc
‘Pete always obeys his mother.’

Slovenian

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
An-a uboga mam-o
pn - nom . sg obey: ipfv . prs .3 sg mother- acc . sg
‘Ana obeys her mother.’

Swedish

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Björn lyd-er alltid sin mamma
pn obey- prs always poss . refl .С. sg mother
‘Björn always listens to his mother.’

Turkish

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
Mehmet anne-si-nin söz-ü-nü dinli-yor
pn mother- p .3- gen word- p .3- acc listen- prs
‘Mehmet obeys his mother.’
Note: Not included in the database because Y is expressed as an NP-internal modifier.

Ulcha

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
xusə piktə ən-bi xəsə-wə-n dosoǯ-i-ni
male child mother- refl . sg word- acc -3 sg listen- prs -3 sg
‘The boy listens to his mother (lit. his mother’s words).’
Note: Not included in the database because this translation is semantically inaccurate and Y is expressed as an NP-internal modifier.

Zilo Andi

Valency pattern: NOM_SUPER.LAT
X: NOM
Y: SUPER.LAT
Locus: Y
ali baba-ʔo antʃː.i
pn [ m ][ nom ] mother- super . lat listen. pst ( aor )
‘Ali obeys his mother.’