BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘need’

Argument frame: X (need) Y
Stimulus sentence: (P.’s house was burglarised with all the valuables taken. As a consequence,) P. needs money .
Predicate label Ru: нуждаться
Argument frame Ru: X (нуждаться) в Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: (Дом П. ограбили и унесли все, что там было. Теперь) П. нуждается в деньгах / П. нужны деньги .

Abaza [zə-]bža

Valency pattern: ABS_BEN
X: ABS
Y: BEN
Locus: Y
rasúl aχč’á d-a-zə́-bža-b
pn money 3 sg . h . abs -3 sg . n . io - ben -need- npst . dcl
‘Rasul needs money.’

Aghul gerek-tːi + ‘be’

Valency pattern: DAT_ABS
X: DAT
Y: ABS
Locus: X
aslan.a-s pul gerek-tːi a
pn - dat money necessary- adv { in }be: prs
‘Aslan needs money.’
Note: Non-verbal predicate.

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic +lazəm

Valency pattern: ka_SBJ
X: ka
Y: SBJ
Locus: X
ka ayya baxta +lazəm=ən zuzə
to dem 2. f woman( f ) necessary=3 pl money( pl )
‘This woman needs money.’
Note: Non-Urmi speaker. Non-verbal predicate.

Brazilian Portuguese

Valency pattern: SBJ_de
X: SBJ
Y: de
Locus: Y
Pedro precisa de dinheiro
‘Педру нужны деньги.’

Czech potřebovat

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Petr potřebuje peníz-e
pn ( m )[ nom . sg ] need( ipfv ). prs .3 sg money( m )- acc . pl
‘Petr needs money.’

Finnish tarvita

Valency pattern: NOM_PART
X: NOM
Y: PART
Locus: Y
Pekka tarvits-ee raha-a
pn . nom need- prs .3 sg money- part
‘Pekka needs money.’

Forest Enets magu

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
modʲi kasa-jʔ bɛse maguɔ
i man- nom . sg .1 sg iron be_in_need( ipfv ).3 sg . s
‘My friend needs money’.

Latin egeo

Valency pattern: NOM_GEN
X: NOM
Y: GEN
Locus: Y
mancipi-is locuples ege-t aer-is Cappadoc-um rex
slave( n )- abl . pl rich[ nom . sg ] need[ prs . ind ]- act .3 sg money- gen . sg c appadocian( m )- gen . pl king( m ). nom . sg
‘The king of the Cappadocians is rich in slaves, but lacks money.’
Note: (Hor. Epist. I, 6, 39)

Modern Hebrew tsariχ

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pinχas tsariχ kesef
pn need[ ptcp . sg . m ] money
‘Pinchas needs money.’

Nanai gələ-

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
əsi Petia ǯexa-wa gələ-j-ni
now pn money- obl ask- npst - p .3 sg
‘Petia needs money.’

Norwegian Bokmål å trenge

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
trenge-r Per peng-er
now need- prs pn money- pl
‘Now Per needs money.’

Polish potrzebować

Valency pattern: NOM_GEN
X: NOM
Y: GEN
Locus: Y
Ann-a potrzebuje pieniędz-y
pn - nom . sg need: ipfv . prs .3 sg money- gen . pl
‘Mummy needs money.’

Russian nužen + COP

Valency pattern: DAT_NOM
X: DAT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
Pet-e nužn-y denʹg-i
pn ( m )- dat . sg necessary- pred . pl money- nom . pl
‘Petja needs money.’
Note: Non-verbal predicate.

Rutul hɨgara

Valency pattern: DAT_NOM
X: DAT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
rasul-u-s zar hɨga-r=a
pn - obl - dat money( nom ) 4.want. ipfv - cvb =be
‘Rasul needs money.’

Skolt Saami taarbšed

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peâtt taarbaš tieʹǧǧ-id
pn . sg . nom need. prs .3 sg money- pl . acc
‘Pete needs money.’

Slovenian potrebovati

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
An-a potrebuje denar
pn - nom . sg need: ipfv . prs .3 sg money[ acc . sg ]
‘Ana needs money.’

Swedish att behöva

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Björn behöv-er pengar
pn need- prs money. pl
‘Björn needs money.’

Turkish ihtiyaç olmak

Valency pattern: GEN_DAT
X: GEN
Y: DAT
Locus: XY
Mehmed-in para-ya ihtiyac-ı var
pn - gen money- dat need- p .3 there_is
‘Mehmet needs money.’
Note: Non-verbal predicate.

Ulcha gələu-

Valency pattern: DAT_ACC
X: DAT
Y: ACC
Locus: XY
əsi nanduti ǯaxa gələ-u-ŋ=guni
now they. dat money search- imps -?= ptcl
‘Now they need money.’
Note: This is an impersonal construction.

Zilo Andi *

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
ali-ɬu orsi qχ’oroqχ’.o-j
pn - dat money want. pst - pf
‘Ali wants/needs money.’
Note: Not included in the database because this translation is semantically inaccurate.