BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘move (bodypart)’

Argument frame: X (move) Y
Stimulus sentence: P. moved his finger .
Predicate label Ru: шевелить
Argument frame Ru: X (шевелить) Y -ом
Stimulus sentence Ru: П. пошевелил пальцем .

Abaza rə.c̣əs

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
á-č’ḳʷən jə́-maĉ j-rə́-c̣s-ṭ
def -boy 3 sg . m . io -finger 3 sg . m . erg - caus -move( aor )- dcl
‘The boy moved his finger.’

Adyghe (West Circassian) ʁe-χəje

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
č̣ʼale-m ə-ʔeχʷambe q-ə-ʁe-χəja-ʁ
guy- obl 3 sg . pr -finger( abs ) csl -3 sg . erg - caus -move(intr.)- pst
‘The guy moved his finger.’

Aghul t’ušar-q’.u-

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
aslan.a t’ub-ar t’ušar-q’.u-ne
pn ( erg ) finger- pl move-do. pf - aor
‘Aslan moved his finger.’

Alik Kryz kexhara aric

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
terlan-ir ug t'il keuxhvara var-du
pn - erg refl . m ( gen ) finger( f ) f .move. mp . cvb f .do. pfv - aor . f
‘Terlan moved his finger.’

Archi

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
paša-mu gon χːəriχː a<b>u
pn - obl ( erg ) finger move <3>do. pfv
‘Pasha moved his finger.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic maǧvəǧ

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
brata muǧviǧ-é-la +suṗṗat-o
girl( f ) move(tr). pst - ss ( o ).3 pl - ls .3 f finger( f ). pl - p .3 f
‘The girl moved her finger.’

Avar baʁaraqdizabize

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
ʕali-ca kilššal r-aʁaraqd-izar-una
pn - erg finger. pl . nom pl -move- caus . pl - aor
‘Ali moved his fingers.’

Azerbaijani tǝrpǝtmək

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Aslan barmağı-nı tǝrpǝt-di
pn finger. poss 3- acc move. tr - pst (3)
‘Aslan moved his finger.’

Bambara lámàga

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Sékù ye bólo` lámàga
pn pfv . tr 3 sg hand\ art move
‘Seku moved his hand.’

Brazilian Portuguese mover

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pedro mov-eu o dedo
pn ( m ) move-3 sg . pst def . m finger( m )
‘Pedro moved the finger.’

Catalan moure

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
en Pere va mou-re el seu dit
def . sg . m pn ( m ) go.3 sg . prs . ind move- inf def . sg . m poss .3. m . sg finger( m )
‘Pere moved his finger.’

Chirag b-urši b-aqi

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
ʡa̰li-le t’ul b-urš-i b-aq-ib
pn - erg finger( abs ) n . sg -move: pf - inf n . sg - caus : pf - aor .3
‘Ali moved his finger.’

Czech pohnout

Valency pattern: NOM_INS
X: NOM
Y: INS
Locus: Y
Petr pohnu-l prst-em
pn ( m )[ nom . sg ] move( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ] finger( m )- ins . sg
‘Petr moved his finger.’

Danish bevæge

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Peter bevæge-de finger-en
pn move- pst finger( c )- def . sg
‘Peter moved his finger.’

Dutch bewegen

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Piet bewoog zijn vinger
pn ( c ) move. pst poss . c .3 sg finger( c )
‘Piet moved his finger.’

Eastern Maninka lámàa

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Sékù kà bólo-koyinɛn` ná-màa.
pn aor . tr 3 sg hand-finger\ art caus -move
‘Seku moved his finger.’

English move

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Peter moved his finger.

Estonian liigutama

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: GEN~PART~NOM
Locus: TR
Peeter liiguta-s oma sõrme
pn . sg . nom move- pst .3 sg poss . refl finger. sg . part
‘Peeter moved his finger.’

Finnish liikuttaa

Valency pattern: NOM_PART
X: NOM
Y: PART
Locus: Y
Pekka liikutt-i sorme-a-an
pn . nom move- pst .3 sg finger- part - poss .3 sg
‘Pekka moved his finger.’

Forest Enets buzida

Valency pattern: NOM_LOC
X: NOM
Y: LOC
Locus: Y
modʲi kasa-jʔ ŋo-lʲu tʃubaj-xone-da buzida-da
i man- nom . sg .1 sg one- restr finger- loc . sg - obl . sg .3 sg move( pfv )- fut .3 sg . s
‘My friend will move one finger’.

French remuer

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Paul a remué un doigt
pn ( m ) have. prs .3 sg move. pst . ptcp . m indf . sg . m finger( m )
‘Paul moved his finger.’

Georgian ga-Ø-a-nʒrev-s (FUT)

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
p'et're-m tit-i ga-Ø-a-nʒri-a
pn - erg finger- nom prv :outward- do 3- fact -move- s 3 sg . pst
‘Petre moved his finger.’

German bewegen

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Karl beweg-te den Finger
pn [ nom . sg ] move- pst .3 sg def . m . acc . sg finger[ acc . sg ]
‘Karl moved his finger.’

Icari Dargwa hak'=b=arq'-uj

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
Islam-il t'upː hak'=b=aˤrq'-ib
pn - erg finger. abs move= n = lv : pf - aor
‘Islam moved his finger.’

Irish bog

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Bhog Pól a mhéar.
pst /move pn poss .3 sg . m finger
‘Pól moved his finger.’

Italian muovere

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Leo ha mosso un dit-o
pn ( m ) aux .3 sg . prs move. pst . ptcp indf . sg . m finger- sg . m
‘Leo moved a finger.’

Kadar Dargwa

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
meħamad-li t'ul šiš-b-ar-ib
pn - erg finger move- n -do. pfv - pret
‘Muhammad moved his finger.’

Kalderash Romani mištil

Valency pattern: NOM_INS
X: NOM
Y: INS
Locus: Y
o Murš-a mišti-l le naj-anca
art . m . dir . sg pn - nom . sg move- prs .3 sg art . pl finger- ins . pl
‘Murša is moving his fingers.’

Karata

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
ʕali-l ɬic’el gera-ʁer-a
pn - erg finger move- pf
‘Ali moved his finger.’

Kaytag Dargwa шикьбарара

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
petja-l t’up šiq’abar-iv
pn - erg finger n .move. pf - aor
‘Petja moved his finger.’

Kazakh qozɣalt

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Petya sawsaq-tar-ï-n qozɣalt-tï
pn finger- pl - poss 3- acc wiggle- pst 1.3 sg
‘Petya moved his fingers.’

Kazym Khanty ńǒχaλti

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
pet’a-j-en λŭj-ǝλ ńǒχaλ-s-ǝλλe
pn - ep - poss .2 sg finger- poss .3 sg move- pst -3 sg . so
‘Petja moved his finger.’

Khoekhoe gongon

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Petru-b ge ǁî-b ǀkhunu-b-a go gongon
pn -3 m . sg decl 3-3 m . sg finger-3 m . sg - obl rpst move
‘Peter moved his finger.’

Khwarshi žužulaka

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
šamil-i ãhi-ba žužulak-ko gołe
pn - erg ear( iv )- pl . abs move- prs aux . prs
‘Shamil moved his ears.’

Kina Rutul χibga wɨɁɨr

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
rasul-a t’ili χ-i<b>g-a w-ɨɁɨ-r
pn - erg finger( nom ) pv -<3>move- imp 3-do. pfv - cvb
‘Rasul moved his finger.’

Kumyk terbetmek

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: DO
Locus: TR
mahammat barmaʁ-ɨn terbet-d-i
pn toe-3 sg . acc move- pst -3 sg
‘Muhammad moved his toe.’

Latin moveo

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
nec labr-a move-s, cum mitt-ere voc-um debu-eri-s
and_not lip( n )- acc . pl move[ prs . ind ]- act .2 sg when emit[ prs ]- inf . act voice( f )- acc . sg have_to- prf . sbjv - act .2 sg
‘... without moving the lips, even though you had to make a sound.’
Note: (Juv. 13, 114)

Laz o-nk'an-(ap)-u

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
Käzim-i-k k'it'-i d-Ø-o-nk'an-u
pn - b - erg finger- nom prv - do 3- fact -move- s 3 sg . pst
‘Käzim moved (his) finger.’

Mandarin Chinese nuódòng

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Zhāngsān nuódòng le yīxià shǒuzhǐ
pn move pfv once finger
‘Zhangsan moved his finger once.’

Mano vṵ́ ɓō

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
āà kɔ̀ vṵ́ ɓō
3 sg . prf 3 sg . refl arm movement remove
‘S/he has moved her hand.’

Mehweb

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
Islam-ini šːiš b-aq'-ib t'ul
pn - erg move n -do: pfv - pst finger
‘Islam moved his finger.’
Note: Gender agreement is controlled by Y.

Mingrelian Ø-u-kanc-u-an-s (PRS)

Valency pattern: ERG_DAT
X: ERG
Y: DAT
Locus: Y
čelo-k k'it-i-s ku-d-Ø-u-kanc-u
pn - erg finger- b - dat aff - prv - io 3- ver : o -move- s 3 sg . pst
‘Chelo moved his finger.’

Modern Hebrew heevir

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pinχas heevir et etsba-o
pn move[ pst .3 sg . m ] do finger- poss .3 sg . m
‘Pinchas moved his finger.’

Mukhad Rutul sit'e hıʔın

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
murad-a t'ili sip'e vıʔı-ri
pn - erg finger( a ) a .move a .do. pf - aor
‘Murad moved his finger.’

Nanai tujŋku-

Valency pattern: NOM_INS
X: NOM
Y: INS
Locus: Y
Petia čumčuən-ǯi-i tujŋku-xə-ni
pn finger- ins - p . refl . sg sway- pst - p .3 sg
‘Petia moved his finger.’

Nivkh eɲŋawd

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
Kaskazik tuɲm-ɣir̥ eɲŋaɲŋa-d
pn finger- ins touch- ind
‘Kaskazik touched his finger.’
Note: Not included in the database because this translation is semantically inaccurate.

Northern Akhvakh

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
pataħi-de unk’a kor-ari
pn - erg finger move- aor
‘Patahi moved his finger.’

Northern Mansi n’uwitas

Valency pattern: NOM_INS
X: NOM
Y: INS
Locus: Y
am pol’am tul’ōwl-ǝt-ǝl n’uwit-as-um
1 sg cold finger- pl - ins move- pst -1 sg
‘I moved my cold fingers.’

Northern Yukaghir čaɣadˈǝs=

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Sǝmiǝn tudǝ sisha čаɣаdˈǝ-s-mǝ-lǝ
pn 3 sg . poss finger move- caus - tr - of .3 sg
‘Semien moved his finger.’

Norwegian Bokmål å bevege

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Per beveg-de finger-en
pn move- pst finger- def . m . sg
‘Per moved his finger.’

Polish poruszyć

Valency pattern: NOM_INS
X: NOM
Y: INS
Locus: Y
Andrzej poruszy-ł palc-em
pn [ nom . sg ] move: pfv - pst [ m .3 sg ] finger- ins . sg
‘Andrzej moved his finger.’

Russian poševelitʹ

Valency pattern: NOM_INS
X: NOM
Y: INS
Locus: Y
Pet-ja poševeli-l palʹc-em
pn ( m )- nom . sg stir( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ] finger( m )- ins . sg
‘Petja moved his finger.’

Serbian mrdnuti

Valency pattern: NOM_INS
X: NOM
Y: INS
Locus: Y
Petar je mrdnu-o prst-om
pn . nom . sg be. prs .3 sg move- part . perf . m . sg finger- ins . sg
‘Petar moved his finger.’

Shinaz Rutul sit' hɨʔɨ-n

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
basir sip' havʔɨ-r t'ili
pn ( erg ) a .move. co a .do. pf - aor finger( a )
‘Basir moved his finger.’

Shughni ǰumbentow

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Šamil=i xu angix̌t ǰumben-t
pn =3 sg refl finger move- pst
‘Shamil moved his finger.’

Skolt Saami likktõõllâd

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peâtt likktõõl-i suõrm-es
pn . sg . nom move- pst .3 sg finger. sg . acc - poss .3 sg
‘Pete moved his finger.’

Slovak pohnúť

Valency pattern: NOM_INS
X: NOM
Y: INS
Locus: Y
Peter poho-l svoj-ím prst-om
pn ( m )[ nom . sg ] move( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ] one's- m . ins . sg finger( m )- ins . sg
‘Peter moved his finger.’

Slovenian migniti

Valency pattern: NOM_zINS
X: NOM
Y: zINS
Locus: Y
Peter je migni-l s palc-em
pn [ nom . sg ] aux .3 sg move: pfv - lpt [ m . sg ] with finger- ins . sg
‘Peter moved his finger.’

Sorani Kurdish cûɫandin

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Hîwa qamk=î cuɫand-Ø
pn finger=3 sg . pc move. pst -3 sg
‘Hiwa moved his finger.’

Southern Rutul sıˤyıˤlʔaˤ hıʔın

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
murad-a t'iliy sıˤvıˤlʔaˤ havʔı-r
pn - erg finger( a ) a .quake. ipf a .do. pf - aor
‘Murad moved his finger.’

Spanish mover

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pedro movi-ó un dedo
pn [ sg . m ] move- aor .3 sg art . ndef . sg . m finger[ sg . m ]
‘Pedro moved a finger.’

Standard Arabic ḥarraka

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Badr-u-n ḥarraka Ɂiṣbaʕ-a-hu
pn - nom - indef move. pf .3 m finger- acc - p .3 m
‘Badr moved his finger.’

Svan

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
maizer-d pxule-Ø ad-Ø-k'utwn-e
pn - erg finger- nom prv : dist - do 3-move- pst
‘Maizer moved his finger.’

Swedish att röra

Valency pattern: SBJ_pa
X: SBJ
Y: pa
Locus: Y
Björn rör-de fingr-et
pn move- pst on finger- def . n . sg
‘Björn moved his finger.’

Tagalog

Valency pattern: TR
X: ACT
Y: UND
Locus: TR
G<in>alaw ni Pedro ang kaniya-ng daliri
< pv > pfv .move pers . gen pn subj 3. sg . dat - lin finger
‘Pedro moved his finger.’

Telugu kadupu

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
pravīṇ tana vēli-ni kadipāḍu
pn ( m ). sg . nom own finger( n ). sg . obl - acc move. pst .3 sg . m
‘Praveen moved his finger.’

Tsakhur iğitkıriy

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
murad-ee t’ub iğivkar havʔu
pn - erg finger( a ) a .move. ipf a .do. pf
‘Murad moved his finger.’

Tsudakhar Dargwa

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG/LOC(LAT)
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
uršːi-le t'ul šiq' b-arq'-ib
boy- erg / loc ( lat ) toe id .shift n -do. pfv - pret (3)
‘The boy moved his toe.’

Tsugni Dargwa šiš b-arq'-i / b-irq'-i

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
durħaˤ-li kːamuli šiš b-arq'-ib
boy- erg toe id .shift n -do. pfv - pret (3)
‘The boy moved his toe.’

Turkish kıpırdatmak

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Mehmet parmağ-ı-nı kıpırdat-tı
pn finger- p .3- acc wiggle- pst
‘Mehmet moved his finger.’

Turoyo mobəl w amṭe

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Gabriyel mbe-le w amṭe-le ṣawʕ-e
pn take_away. pfv - ls .3 m and bring. pfv - ls .3 m finger( m )- p .3 m
‘Gabriyel moved his finger.’

Ulcha tunči-

Valency pattern: NOM_INS
X: NOM
Y: INS
Locus: Y
xusə piktə čumuču-ǯi tunči-xə-ni
male child finger- ins touch- pst -3 sg
‘The boy moved his finger.’

Uzbek qo’zɣatmoq

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Petya barmog-i-ni qo’zɣat-ti
pn finger- poss .3 sg - acc move- pst .3 sg
‘Petja moved his finger.’

West Central Oromo sottʃoosa

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
obsaa-n k'uba isaa sottʃoos-e
pn - nom finger. abs 3 sg . m . poss move. caus -3 sg . m . pfv
‘Obsa moved his finger.’

Zilo Andi <b>-erʁ-oɬ.i-j

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
ali-di ts’ek’a b-erʁ-oɬ.i-j
pn - erg finger[ inan 1][ nom ] inan 1-move- caus . pst - pf
‘Ali moved his finger’