BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘melt’

Argument frame: X (melt) Y
Stimulus sentence: P. melted a piece of lead .
Predicate label Ru: плавить
Argument frame Ru: X (плавить) Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: П. расплавил кусок свинца .

Abaza

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
a-nχaʕʷə́ ájχa–čət-ḳ jə́-r-ĉa-d
def -worker metal–piece- indf 3 sg . m . erg - caus -melt( aor )- dcl
‘The worker melted a piece of metal.’

Aghul

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
aslan.a qːurqːušum uc’.u-ne
pn ( erg ) lead melt. pf - aor
‘Aslan melted a piece of lead.’
Note: Labile verb.

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
yala mupšər-rə prəzla
boy( m ) melt(tr). pst - ls .3 m iron( m )
‘The boy melted the iron.’

Forest Enets

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
modʲi kasa-jʔ salba-da dʲuta
i man- nom . sg .1 sg ice- obl . sg .3 sg heat( pfv ).3 sg . s
‘My friend melted the ice’.

Modern Hebrew

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pinχas hitiχ pisa-t oferet
pn melt[ pst .3 sg . m ] piece- cs lead
‘Pinchas melted a piece of lead.’

Nanai

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Petia toǯa pasi-wa-n.’ uu-mbuwəŋ-ki-ni
pn свинец кусок- obl - p .3 sg таять- caus - pst - p .3 sg
‘Петя расплавил кусок свинца.’

Norwegian Bokmål

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Per smelte-t en bit bly
pn melt- pst indf . m . sg piece lead
‘Per melted a piece of lead.’

Russian

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Pet-ja rasplavi-l kusok svinc-a
pn ( m )- nom . sg melt( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ] piece( m )[ acc . sg ] lead( m )- gen . sg
‘Petja melted a piece of lead.’

Rutul

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
rasul-a jic’-a hɨɁɨ-r=a-j tike ɢurʁušin-ad
pn - erg 4.melt- imp 4.do. pfv - cvb =be- pst piece( nom ) lead- attr
‘Rasul melted a piece of lead.’

Skolt Saami

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peâtt suddi-i lââʹjj-kuuʹsǩ
pn . sg . nom melt- pst .3 sg lead-piece. sg . acc
‘Pete melted a piece of lead.’

Slovenian

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peter je razstopi-l kos svinc-a
pn [ nom . sg ] aux .3 sg melt: pfv - lpt [ m . sg ] piece[ acc . sg ] lead- gen . sg
‘Peter melted a piece of lead.’

Swedish

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Björn smäl-te en bit bly
pn melt- pst indf . c . sg piece lead
‘Björn melted a piece of lead.’

Turkish

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Mehmet buz-u erit-ti
pn ice- acc melt- pst
‘Mehmet melted the ice.’

Ulcha

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
ama ǯū-wə um-buwən-či-ni
father ice- acc melt- caus - pst -3 sg
‘Father melted the ice.’

Zilo Andi

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
ali-di b-uts’-oɬ.i t’uʃi
pn - erg inan 1-melt- caus . pst ( aor ) lead
‘Ali has melted some lead.’