BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘hear’

Argument frame: X (hear) Y
Stimulus sentence: P. hears the music .
Predicate label Ru: слышать
Argument frame Ru: X (слышать) Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: П. слышит музыку .

Abaza ʕa

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
fatíjma múzəka l-ʕ-əj-d
pn music 3 sg . f . erg -hear- prs - dcl
‘Fatima hears the music.’

Aghul un-x.a-

Valency pattern: DAT_ABS
X: DAT
Y: ABS
Locus: X
aslan.a-s muq’am-ar un-x.a-a
pn - dat tune- pl sound-become. ipf - prs
‘Aslan hears the music.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic +šammə

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
+xor-i +bəšmay=əl zmarta
friend( m )- p .1 sg hear. prog =3 m song( f )
‘My friend hears the song.’

Brazilian Portuguese

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pedro ouve música
‘Педру слышит музыку.’

Czech slyšet

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Petr slyší hudb-u
pn ( m )[ nom . sg ] hear( ipfv ). prs .3 sg music( f )- acc . sg
‘Petr hears the music.’

Finnish kuulla

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: GEN~PART~NOM
Locus: TR
Pekka kuul-ee musiiki-n
pn . nom hear- prs .3 sg music- gen
‘Pekka hears the music.’

Forest Enets nɔdos

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
modʲi kasa-jʔ entʃeu soo-ʔ nɔdoʔɔ
i man- nom . sg .1 sg person. obl throat- pl hear( ipfv ).3 sg . s
‘My friend hears human voices’.

Latin audio

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
audi-a-t optat-os semper amic-a son-os
hear- prs . sbjv - act .3 sg desired- acc . pl . m always girlfriend( f )- nom . sg sound( m )- acc . pl
‘Let the girlfriend always hear desired sounds.’
Note: (Ov. Ars Amatoria. II, 156)

Modern Hebrew shomea

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pinχas shomea et ha muzika
pn hear[ ptcp . sg . m ] do def music
‘Pinchas hears the music.’

Nanai dolǯ-

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Petia muzəka-wə dolǯi-ni
pn music- obl hear. npst - p .3 sg
‘Petia hears the music.’

Norwegian Bokmål å høre

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Per høre-r musikk
pn hear- prs music
‘Per hears the music.’

Polish słyszeć

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Ann-a słyszy muzyk-ę
pn - nom . sg hear: ipfv . prs .3 sg music- acc . sg
‘Anna hears the music.’

Russian slyšatʹ

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Pet-ja slyš-it muzyk-u
pn ( m )- nom . sg hear( ipfv )- prs .3 sg music( f )- acc . sg
‘Petja hears the music.’

Rutul ses ruɁur

Valency pattern: DAT_ATTR
X: DAT
Y: ATTR
Locus: XY
rasul-u-s maˁʔnij-mɨ-d ses ruɁu-r
pn - obl - dat song- pl . obl - attr sound( nom ) 4.go. ipfv - cvb
‘Rasul hears the music.’

Skolt Saami kuullâd

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peâtt kooll musiikk
pn . sg . nom hear. prs .3 sg music. sg . acc
‘Pete hears the music.’

Slovenian slišati

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
An-a sliši glasb-o
pn - nom . sg hear: ipfv . prs .3 sg music- acc . sg
‘Ana hears the music.’

Swedish att höra

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Björn hör musik-en
pn hear. prs music- def . c . sg
‘Björn hears the music.’

Turkish duymak

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Mehmet müziğ-i duy-uyor
pn music- acc hear- prs
‘Mehmet hears the music.’

Ulcha doldi-

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
ama min jaja-wa-je dold-i-ni
father my song- acc -1 sg hear- prs -3 sg
‘Father hears my song.’

Zilo Andi anɬ.i-r

Valency pattern: AFF_NOM
X: AFF
Y: NOM
Locus: X
ali-<b>o anɬ.i-r ketʃ’ibaqχ’an
pn - aff < inan 1> hear. pst - prog song+melody[ inan 1][ nom ]
‘Ali hears the music.’