BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘have’

Argument frame: X (have) Y
Stimulus sentence: P. has a car .
Predicate label Ru: иметь
Argument frame Ru: X (иметь) Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: У П. есть машина .

Abaza ma

Valency pattern: IO_ABS
X: IO
Y: ABS
Locus: X
zaréma mašína lə́-ma-b
pn car 3 sg . f . io -be- npst . dcl
‘Zarema has a car.’

Aghul qa-

Valency pattern: POST_ABS
X: POST
Y: ABS
Locus: X
aslan.a-q mašin qa-a
pn - post car { post }be- prs
‘Aslan has a car.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic ət

Valency pattern: OBJAGR_BARE
X: OBJAGR
Y: BARE
Locus: XY
+Ašur ət-lə mašina
pn exi - ls .3 m car( f )
‘Ashur has a car.’

Brazilian Portuguese

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pedro tem um carro
‘У Педру есть машина’

Czech mít

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Petr auto
pn ( m )[ nom . sg ] have( ipfv ). prs .3 sg car( n )[ acc . sg ]
‘Petr has a car.’

Finnish olla

Valency pattern: ADE_NOM
X: ADE
Y: NOM
Locus: X
Peka-lla on auto
pn - ade be. prs .3 sg car. nom
‘Pekka has a car.’

Forest Enets tɔne

Valency pattern: TOP_NOM
X: TOP
Y: NOM
Locus: X
modʲi kasa-jʔ ɔdu-za tɔnee
i man- nom . sg .1 sg boat- nom . sg .3 sg there_is( ipfv ).3 sg . s
‘My friend has a boat’.

Latin habeo

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
qui maior-es possession-es habe-nt
which. nom . pl . m bigger- acc . pl possession( f )- acc . pl have[ prs . ind ]- act .3 pl
‘... who have greater possessions.’
Note: (Cic. Catil. 2, 18)

Modern Hebrew jeʃ

Valency pattern: le_SBJ
X: le
Y: SBJ
Locus: X
jeʃ le Pinχas meχona
there.is[ prs ] to pn car
‘Pinchas has a car.’

Nanai bi-

Valency pattern: DAT_NOM
X: DAT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
Petia-du mašina bi
pn - dat car be. npst
‘Petia has a car.’

Norwegian Bokmål å ha

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Per ha-r bil
pn have- prs car
‘Per has a car.’

Polish mieć

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
mąż ma samochód
husband[ nom . sg ] have: ipfv . prs .3 sg car[ acc . sg ]
‘Husband has a car.’

Russian bytʹ

Valency pattern: uGEN_NOM
X: uGEN
Y: NOM
Locus: X
u Pet-i estʹ mašin-a
at pn ( m )- gen . sg be. prs car( f )- nom . sg
‘Petja has a car.’

Rutul ani wiɁi

Valency pattern: SUB_NOM
X: SUB
Y: NOM
Locus: X
rasul-ɨ-χda mašin a-ni w-iɁi
pn - obl - sub car( nom ) be- cvb 3- cop
‘Rasul has a car.’

Skolt Saami leeʹd

Valency pattern: LOC_NOM
X: LOC
Y: NOM
Locus: X
Peâtt-ast lij autt
pn - sg . loc be. prs .3 sg car. sg . nom
‘Pete has a car.’
Note: Non-verbal predicate.

Slovenian imeti

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
mož ima avt-o
husband[ nom . sg ] have: ipfv . prs .3 sg car- acc . sg
‘Husband has a car.’

Swedish att ha

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Björn ha-r en bil
pn have- prs indf . c . sg car
‘Björn has a car.’

Turkish var

Valency pattern: GEN_NOM
X: GEN
Y: NOM
Locus: X
Mehmed-in araba-sı var
pn - gen car- p .3 there_is
‘Mehmet has a car.’

Ulcha bi-

Valency pattern: DAT_NOM
X: DAT
Y: NOM
Locus: X
min piktə-du mašina bī-ni
my child- dat car be. prs -3 sg
‘My son has a car.’

Zilo Andi dʒi

Valency pattern: GEN_NOM
X: GEN
Y: NOM
Locus: X
ali-b dʒi maʃina
pn - inan 1( gen ) cop car[ inan 1][ nom ]
‘Ali has a car.’
Note: Non-verbal predicate.