BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘forfeit’

Argument frame: X (lose) Y
Stimulus sentence: (There was a fire in the village. As a result) P. lost his house .
Predicate label Ru: лишаться
Argument frame Ru: X (лишаться) Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: (В деревне был пожар. В результате) П. лишился дома .

Abaza

Valency pattern: ABS_LOCl
X: ABS
Y: LOCl
Locus: Y
murád j-tʒə́ d-á-l-qʷdaχa-d
pn 3 sg . m . io -house 3 sg . h . abs -3 sg . n . io - loc -lose( aor )- dcl
‘Murad lost his house.’

Aghul

Valency pattern: ABS_SUBCONT.ELAT
X: ABS
Y: SUBCONT.ELAT
Locus: Y
aslan χul.a-k-as x.u-ne
pn house- sub / cont - elat become. pf - aor
‘Aslan lost his house.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

Valency pattern: SBJ_lab
X: SBJ
Y: la_b
Locus: Y
sava pəš-lə la b bet-u
old. m remain. pst - ls .3 m neg with house( m )- p .3 m
‘The oldman lost his house.’

Forest Enets

Valency pattern: NOM_CAR
X: NOM
Y: CAR
Locus: Y
kasa-jʔ mɛ-tʃuz kaja
man- nom . sg .1 sg chum- car stay_behind( pfv ).3 sg . s
‘My friend remained homeless’.

Modern Hebrew

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pinχas ibed et ha bajt ʃel-o
pn lose[ pst .3 sg . m ] do def house poss -3 sg . m
‘Pinchas lost his house.’

Nanai

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Petia ǯo-i xuədə-xə-ni
pn дом- p . refl . sg терять- pst - p .3 sg
‘Петя лишился дома.’

Norwegian Bokmål

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Per miste-t hus-et sitt
pn lose- pst house- def . n . sg poss . refl . n . sg
‘Per lost his house.’

Russian

Valency pattern: NOM_GEN
X: NOM
Y: GEN
Locus: Y
Pet-ja liši-l-sja dom-a
pn ( m )- nom . sg deprive( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ]- refl house( m )- gen . sg
‘Petja lost hist house.’

Rutul

Valency pattern: ATTR_NOM
X: ATTR
Y: NOM
Locus: X
rasul-dɨ χal madiš
pn - attr house( nom ) remain.4. neg
‘Rasul lost his house.’

Skolt Saami

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peâtt mõõnt-i põõrt-âs
pn . sg . nom make.go- pst .3 sg house. sg . acc - poss .3 sg
‘Pete lost his house.’

Slovenian

Valency pattern: NOM_brezGEN
X: NOM
Y: brezGEN
Locus: TR
Pavel je osta-l brez dom-a
pn [ nom . sg ] aux .3 sg remain: pfv - lpt [ m . sg ] without house- gen . sg
‘Pavel lost his house.’

Swedish

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Björn förlorade sitt hus.
‘Björn lost his house.’

Turkish

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Mehmet ev-i-ni kaybet-ti
pn house- p .3- acc lose- pst
‘Mehmet lost his house.’

Ulcha

Valency pattern: NOM_CARIT
X: NOM
Y: CARIT
Locus: Y
ama xagdu=ana očo-xa-ni
father house= carit become- pst -3 sg
‘Отец остался без дома’.

Zilo Andi

Valency pattern: NOM_CONT.EL
X: NOM
Y: CONT.EL
Locus: Y
ali milki-tʃ’u-kːu w-at’a-ɬ.i-j
pn [ m ][ nom ] house- cont - el m -separate- inch . pst - pf
‘Ali lost his house.’