BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘depend’

Argument frame: X (depend) on Y
Stimulus sentence: Memory depends on age .
Predicate label Ru: зависеть
Argument frame Ru: X (зависеть) от Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: Память зависит от возраста .

Abaza *

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
*
*
*
Note: No satisfactory translation has been obtained.

Aghul *

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
*
*
*
Note: No satisfactory translation has been obtained.

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic *

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
*
*
*
Note: No satisfactory translation has been obtained.

Brazilian Portuguese

Valency pattern: SBJ_de
X: SBJ
Y: de
Locus: Y
a memoria depende da idade
‘Память зависит от возраста.’

Czech závislý + COP

Valency pattern: NOM_naLOC
X: NOM
Y: naLOC
Locus: Y
pamět' je závisl-á na věk-u
memory( f )[ nom . sg ] be( ipfv ). prs .3 sg dependent- f . nom . sg on age( m )- loc . sg
‘Memory depends on age.’
Note: Non-verbal predicate.

Finnish riippua

Valency pattern: NOM_ELA
X: NOM
Y: ELA
Locus: Y
muisti riippu-u iä-stä
memory. nom depend- prs .3 sg age- ela
‘Memory depends on age.’

Forest Enets pɛri

Valency pattern: NOM_ABL
X: NOM
Y: ABL
Locus: Y
mɛsi-za ŋa-xaz pɛri
wind- nom . sg .3 sg sky- abl hold( ipfv ).3 sg . s
‘The wind depends on the sky’.

Latin dependeo

Valency pattern: NOM_exABL
X: NOM
Y: exABL
Locus: Y
ex horum lev-issim-is mot-ibus fortun-ae popul-orum depende-nt
from this. gen . pl . n light- sup - abl . pl . m motion( m )- abl . pl fortune( f )- nom . pl people( m )- gen . pl depend[ prs . ind ]- act .3 pl
‘The fortunes of nations depend on their (stars’) slightest motions.’
Note: (Sen. Dia. 18, 3)

Modern Hebrew taluj

Valency pattern: SBJ_be
X: SBJ
Y: be
Locus: Y
zikaron taluj be gil
memory dependent in age
‘Memory depends on age.’

Nanai zavisela-

Valency pattern: NOM_ABL
X: NOM
Y: ABL
Locus: Y
əǯə-čə-u-ri zavisela-j-ni səə-ǯiəǯi.
remember- res - imps - npst depend- npst - p .3 sg age- abl
‘Memory depends on age.’

Norwegian Bokmål å avhenge

Valency pattern: SBJ_av
X: SBJ
Y: av
Locus: Y
hukommels-en avhenge-r av alder-en
memory- def . m . sg depend- prs of age- def . m . sg
‘Memory depends on age.’

Polish zależeć

Valency pattern: NOM_odGEN
X: NOM
Y: odGEN
Locus: Y
pamięć zależy od wiek-u
memory[ nom . sg ] depend: ipfv . prs .3 sg from age- gen . sg
‘Memory depends on age.’

Russian zavisetʹ

Valency pattern: NOM_otGEN
X: NOM
Y: otGEN
Locus: Y
pamjatʹ zavis-it ot vozrast-a
memory( f )[ nom . sg ] depend( ipfv )- prs .3 sg from age( m )- gen . sg
‘Memory depends on age.’

Rutul pet’ ruʔura

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
ul-id išɨɢ pet’ ruʔu-r=a q’aˁs-wol-i-kan
eye- attr light little 4.become. ipfv - cvb =be old- abstr - obl - com
‘Sight deteriorates with age.’
Note: Not included in the dataset because the translation deviates too far from the stimulus sentence.

Skolt Saami *

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
*
*
*
Note: No satisfactory translation has been obtained.

Slovenian biti odvisen

Valency pattern: NOM_odGEN
X: NOM
Y: odGEN
Locus: Y
spomin je odvisen od starost-i
memory[ nom . sg ] be. prs .3 sg dependent[ nom . sg . m ] from age- gen . sg
‘Memory depends on age.’
Note: Non-verbal predicate.

Swedish att bero

Valency pattern: SBJ_pa
X: SBJ
Y: pa
Locus: Y
minn-et bero-r ålder-n
memory- def . n . sg depend- prs on age- def . c . sg
‘Memory depends on age.’

Turkish bağlı olmak

Valency pattern: NOM_DAT
X: NOM
Y: DAT
Locus: Y
akıl yaş-a bağlı-dır
mind age- dat dependent- cop .3
‘Memory depends on age.’
Note: Non-verbal predicate.

Ulcha *

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
*
*
*
Note: No satisfactory translation has been obtained.

Zilo Andi *

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
aqχ’ulo r-uʔ.inn-ija w-oχːor-ɬir-qχi
knowledge inan 2-go. npst - fut m -old- abst - inst
‘Memory goes away with age.’
Note: Not included in the dataset because the translation deviates too far from the stimulus sentence.