BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘cover’

Argument frame: X (cover) Y
Stimulus sentence: The carpet covers the whole floor .
Predicate label Ru: покрывать
Argument frame Ru: X (покрывать) Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: Ковер покрывает весь пол .

Abaza q-ʕʷa

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
a-pól šabgə́w a-q̇adába j-q-na-ʕʷ-ə́j-d
def -floor fully def -carpet 3 sg . n . abs - loc -3 sg . n . erg -close- prs - dcl
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Aghul fac.a-

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
q’adilq’ʷan.di k’ildi ǯil fac.a-a
carpet( erg ) fully graound grasp. ipf - prs
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic maccəs

Valency pattern: SBJ_ka
X: SBJ
Y: ka
Locus: Y
+xali muccəs-la ka cullə +ustol
carpet( f ) cover. pst - ls .3 f to all table( m )
‘The carpet covers the whole table.’
Note: Non-Urmi speaker.

Brazilian Portuguese

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
o tapete cobre todo o chão
‘Ковер покрывает весь пол.’

Czech pokrývat

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
koberec pokrývá cel-ou podlah-u
carpet( m )[ nom . sg ] cover( ipfv ). prs .3 sg whole- f . acc . sg floor( f )- acc . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Finnish peittää

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: GEN~PART~NOM
Locus: TR
matto peitt-ää koko lattia-n
carpet. nom cover- prs .3 sg whole floor- gen
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Forest Enets sɛja

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
koba lata tʃuktʃi sɛja-za
skin board all close( pfv )-3 sg . so sg
‘The skin covers the whole floor’.

Latin tego

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
est mihi marmore-a sacrat-us in aed-e Sychae-us, opposit-ae frond-es veller-a-que alb-a teg-unt
be. prs . ind . act .3 sg i . dat marble- abl . sg . f sacred- nom . sg . m in temple( f )- abl . sg s ychaeus( m )- nom . sg oppose. prf . ptcp . pass - nom . pl . f leaf( f )- nom . pl wool( n )- nom . pl -and white- nom . pl . n cover[ prs . ind ]- act .3 pl
‘I have in my marble temple sacred Sychaeus, the scattered leaves and white wool cover (it).’
Note: (Ov. Ep. 7, 100)

Modern Hebrew meχas-e

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
ha ʃatiaχ meχas-e et kol ha ritspa
def carptet cover[ ptcp . sg ]- m do whole def floor
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Nanai dasi-

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Paǯeran dase-ko-ni pala-mba xəm dasi-xə-ni
wall close- instr - p .3 sg floor- obl whole close- pst - p .3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Norwegian Bokmål å dekke

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
tepp-et dekke-r hele gulv-et
carpet- def . n . sg cover- prs whole floor- def . n . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Polish pokrywać

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
dywan pokrywa cał-ą podłog-ę
carpet[ nom . sg ] cover: ipfv . prs .3 sg whole- f . acc . sg floor- acc . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Russian pokryvatʹ

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
kover pokryva-et vesʹ pol
carpet( m )[ nom . sg ] cover( ipfv )- prs .3 sg all[ m . acc . sg ] floor( m )[ acc . sg ]
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Rutul χowq’ura

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
χajma-ra χ-o<w>q’u-r=a sin ǯil
carpet- erg pv -<3>catch. pfv - cvb =be whole floor( nom )
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Skolt Saami käʹtted

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
šaʹlddräänn kätt obb šââʹld
carpet. sg . nom cover. prs .3 sg all floor. sg . acc
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Slovenian pokrivati

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
preprog-a pokriva cel-a tl-a
carpet- nom . sg cover: ipfv . prs .3 sg whole- acc . pl . n floor- acc . pl
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Swedish att täcka

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
matta-n täck-er hela golv-et
carpet- def . c . sg cover- prs whole floor- def . n . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Turkish kaplamak

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
halı bütün yer-i kaplı-yor
carpet whole place- acc cover- prs
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Ulcha dasi-

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
əj qorča daqanča-ni qorča-wa čupal dasi-xa-ni
this wall coverlet-3 sg wall- acc whole close- pst -3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole wall.’

Zilo Andi riʃd.i-r

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
t’amsu-di riʃd.i-r itɬuɡu hoʔor
carpet. obl - erg lock. pst - prog all floor[ inan 1][ nom ]
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’