BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘cover’

Argument frame: X (cover) Y
Stimulus sentence: The carpet covers the whole floor .
Predicate label Ru: покрывать
Argument frame Ru: X (покрывать) Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: Ковер покрывает весь пол .

Abaza q-ʕʷa

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
a-pól šabgə́w a-q̇adába j-q-na-ʕʷ-ə́j-d
def -floor fully def -carpet 3 sg . n . abs - loc -3 sg . n . erg -close- prs - dcl
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Adyghe (West Circassian) č̣e-wəχʷəme

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
aləreʁʷə-m ǯʼexaŝʷe-r č̣-j-e-wəχʷəme
carpet- obl floor- abs loc : under -3 sg . erg - dyn -protect
‘The carpet covers the floor.’

Aghul fac.a-

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
q’adilq’ʷan.di k’ildi ǯil fac.a-a
carpet( erg ) fully graound grasp. ipf - prs
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Alik Kryz q'iç yirqhric

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
xalça-cir girt k'ul-ci q'iç yirqh-re
carpet- obl . erg all house- gen inside catch. ipfv - prs . n
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Archi

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
diwin-ni obšːi qʼatːu noʟʼ ca<r>qˁa-r-ši
carpet- obl ( erg ) all down room < ipfv >hide- ipfv - cvb . ipfv (4.be)
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic maccəs

Valency pattern: SBJ_ka
X: SBJ
Y: ka
Locus: Y
+xali muccəs-la ka cullə +ustol
carpet( f ) cover. pst - ls .3 f to all table( m )
‘The carpet covers the whole table.’
Note: Non-Urmi speaker.

Avar bacize

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
t’ubango č’abar b-ac-un b-ugo χaliča-jaɬ
totally floor n -cover- seq n - cop rug- erg
‘The rug covers the whole floor.’

Azerbaijani örtmək

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
xalça bütün döşǝmǝn-i ört-ür
carpet all floor- acc cover- ipfv (3)
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Bambara dátugu

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
fìni` bɛ́_kà dén` dátugu
cloth\ art prog child\ art cover
‘A cloth covers a child.’

Brazilian Portuguese cobrir

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
o tapete cobr-e tod-o o chão
def . m carpet( m ) cover-3 sg . pst all- m def . m floor( m )
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Budugh

Valency pattern: NOM_LOC
X: NOM
Y: LOC
Locus: Y
q'alça q'um-a' ba'şpütö çuroq'or-i
carpet( a ) ground- loc totally a .reach. ipf - prs
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Catalan cobrir

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
la catifa cobreix tot el terra del pis
def . sg . f carpet( f ) cover.3 sg . prs . ind all def . sg . m ground of. def . sg . m flat( m )
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Chirag uk-b-ic’i

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
t’amsː-le butun qale u-k-b-ic’-ib-le
carpet- erg all room( abs ) sub - down - n . sg -fill: pf - aor - res . prs .3
‘The carpet covers the whole floor (lit. room).’

Czech pokrývat

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
koberec pokrývá cel-ou podlah-u
carpet( m )[ nom . sg ] cover( ipfv ). prs .3 sg whole- f . acc . sg floor( f )- acc . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Danish dække

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Tæpp-et dække-r hel-e gulv-et
carpet( n )- def . sg cover- prs whole- def . sg floor( n )- def . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Dutch bedekken

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
het tapijt bedek-t de hele vloer
art . def . n carpet( n ) cover-3 sg art . def whole floor( c )
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Eastern Maninka bɔ́

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Bídinkan` yé láfen` bɔ́-la.
blanket\ art be bed\ art exit- inf . la
‘The blanket covers the whole bed.’

English cover

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
The carpet covers the whole floor.

Estonian katma

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: GEN~PART~NOM
Locus: TR
vaip kata-b terve põranda
carpet. sg . nom cover- prs .3 sg whole. sg . gen floor. sg . gen
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Finnish peittää

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: GEN~PART~NOM
Locus: TR
matto peitt-ää koko lattia-n
carpet. nom cover- prs .3 sg whole floor- gen
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Forest Enets sɛja

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
koba lata tʃuktʃi sɛja-za
skin board all close( pfv )-3 sg . so sg
‘The skin covers the whole floor’.

French couvrir

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
le tapis couvre tout le plancher
def . sg . m carpet( m ) cover. prs .3 sg all. sg . m def . sg . m floor( m )
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Georgian Ø-par-av-s (PRS)

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
xaliča-Ø iatak-s mtlianad Ø-par-av-s
carpet- nom floor- dat fully do 3-cover- sm - s 3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

German bedecken

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
der Teppich bedeck-t den ganz-en Boden
def . m . nom . sg carpet[ nom . sg ] cover- prs .3 sg def . m . acc . sg whole- m . acc . sg ground[ acc . sg ]
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Guinean Kpelle mɛ̌i kpúlu

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
ɲìi héɣê àá gbìŋ gélee mɛ̀i kpúlu
def \sleep cloth\ l 3 sg . prf def \bed all upper_surface close
‘The bedsheet covered all the bed.’

Icari Dargwa b=uc-uj

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
t'amsː-il le<b>il č'aˤbar b=uc-ib-ca=b
carpet- erg < n >all floor. abs n =catch: pf - aor - cop = n
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Irish clúdaigh

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Clúd-íonn an cairpéad an urlár air_fad.
cover- prs def carpet def floor fully
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Italian coprire

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
il tappet-o copr-e tutt-o il paviment-o
def . sg . m carpet- sg . m cover-3 sg . prs all- sg . m def . sg . m floor- sg . m
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Kadar Dargwa k'ap'-CL-ar-es / k'ap'-CL-ir-es

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
qalt'ija-j-ni k'ap'-b-ir-u le<b>il-č'abar
carpet- obl - erg close- n -do. ipfv - th all< n >-floor
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Kalderash Romani vuśaravel

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
ə ponʼav-a vuśara-ď-a sa o pol-o
art . f . dir . sg carpet- nom . sg cover- pst -3 sg all art . m . dir . sg floor- acc . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Kandyk Tabasaran

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
hal-vi polkːe<b>k-na
carpet- erg floor( abs ) < n . sg >cover- res
‘The carpet covered the floor.’

Karata bacwaaɬa

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
t’ansila-l gida-b da ʁardi-mak’wa b-acwa-a
carpet. obl - erg whole- n ptcl floor-place n -cover- pf
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Kaytag Dargwa kap’kabarara

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
χalč:a-n-ni suk:i č:’aˁbar kap’kabar-iv
carpet- obl - erg all floor n .cover. pf - aor
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Kazakh žaw

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Kіlem eden-nіŋ bärі-n žaw-ïp žatïr
carpet floor- gen whole- acc cover- cvb lie.3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Kazym Khanty laŋkti

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
tăm laŋkǝp isa χɔt_χǎri laŋk-s-ǝλλe
this coverlet totally floor cover- pst -3 sg . so
‘The coverlet covered the whole floor.’

Khoekhoe ǃgūai

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Mat-s ge hoa ǂaiǂgawa-b-a ra ǃgūai
mat-3 f . sg decl all floor-3 m . sg - obl ipfv cover
‘The mat covers the whole floor.’

Khwarshi cucχa

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
dajhan-i cuco:χa q'el
carpet- erg cover\ gnt floor( iv )
‘The carpet covers the floor.’

Kina Rutul χowq’ura

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
χajma-ra χ-o<w>q’u-r=a sin ǯil
carpet- erg pv -<3>catch. pfv - cvb =be whole floor( nom )
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Kumyk japmaq

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: DO
Locus: TR
χali sawlaj pol-nu jap-ʁan
carpet complete floor( r )- acc cover- pf
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Latin tego

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
est mihi marmore-a sacrat-us in aed-e Sychae-us, opposit-ae frond-es veller-a-que alb-a teg-unt
be. prs . ind . act .3 sg i . dat marble- abl . sg . f sacred- nom . sg . m in temple( f )- abl . sg s ychaeus( m )- nom . sg oppose. prf . ptcp . pass - nom . pl . f leaf( f )- nom . pl wool( n )- nom . pl -and white- nom . pl . n cover[ prs . ind ]- act .3 pl
‘I have in my marble temple sacred Sychaeus, the scattered leaves and white wool cover (it).’
Note: (Ov. Ep. 7, 100)

Laz o-trag-u

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
xal-i-k oxo(r)-i do-Ø-trag-um-s
carpet- b - erg house- nom prv - do 3-cover- sm - s 3 sg
‘The carpet covers the living space.’

Mandarin Chinese fùgài

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
zhè-kuài dìtǎn fùgài zhe zhěng-kuài dìbǎn
this- clf carpet cover dur whole- clf floor
‘This carpet covers the whole floor.’

Mano gbīnī

Valency pattern: SBJ_la
X: SBJ
Y: la
Locus: Y
sàā lɛ́ɛ̀ gbìnì sɛ́lɛ́ séŋ́ là
natte 3 sg . ipfv bend: ipfv soil all on
‘The mat covers all the floor.’

Mehweb

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
bartbisu-li-ni qaja lut'i gʷer b-aq'-i-le le-b
carpet- obl - erg house. gen bottom cover n -do: pfv - pst - cvb be- n
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Mingrelian Ø-por-un-s (PRS)

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
nox-(i) tel šuxona-s Ø-por-un-s
carpet- nom entire floor- dat do 3-cover- sm - s 3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Modern Hebrew meχas-e

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
ha ʃatiaχ meχas-e et kol ha ritspa
def carptet cover[ ptcp . sg ]- m do whole def floor
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Mukhad Rutul χaq'ın

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
χalıče-di-re sijene džil χıvq'ı-r a
carpet- obl - erg all ground( a ) a .catch. pf - seq be_in
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Nanai dasi-

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Paǯeran dase-ko-ni pala-mba xəm dasi-xə-ni
wall close- instr - p .3 sg floor- obl whole close- pst - p .3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Nivkh lact

Valency pattern: NA
X: *
Y: *
Locus: *
tʰu tʰlaŋi + ŋamaɟ-ɣir̥ lac-t-ɣun
narta reindeer + skin- ins underlay- ind - pl
‘(They) covered the narta with reindeed skins.’
Note: Not included in the database because this translation is semantically inaccurate.

Northern Akhvakh bacilooruƛa

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
t’assa-de anƛ’oda q’oda b-acila-are godi
rug- erg whole floor n -cover- ipf . ptcp n . cop
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Northern Mansi lappantǝs

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
jānij tor kolkan lap-pant-ǝs
big cloth floor close-cover- pst [3 sg ]
‘A large cloth covered the whole floor.’

Northern Yukaghir umusǝj=

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
kovjer indulǝ-lǝ jаwn-uo umusǝ-j-m
carpet floor- acc all- obl close- pf - tr .3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Norwegian Bokmål å dekke

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
tepp-et dekke-r hele gulv-et
carpet- def . n . sg cover- prs whole floor- def . n . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Polish pokrywać

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
dywan pokrywa cał-ą podłog-ę
carpet[ nom . sg ] cover: ipfv . prs .3 sg whole- f . acc . sg floor- acc . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Russian pokryvatʹ

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
kover pokryva-et vesʹ pol
carpet( m )[ nom . sg ] cover( ipfv )- prs .3 sg all[ m . acc . sg ] floor( m )[ acc . sg ]
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Serbian pokrivati

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
tepih pokriva ceo pod
carpet. nom . sg cover. prs .3 sg all. acc . sg . m floor. acc . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Shinaz Rutul χaqhɨ-n

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
χɨliči-je-r χavqhɨ-r a sijen džil
carpet- obl - erg a .catch. pf - seq exist whole floor( a )
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Shughni čust čīdow

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
pilês fuk pol čust kix̌-t
carpet all floor closed do-3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Skolt Saami käʹtted

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
šaʹlddräänn kätt obb šââʹld
carpet. sg . nom cover. prs .3 sg all floor. sg . acc
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Slovak pokrývať

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Koberec pokrýva cel-ú podlah-u
carpet( m )[ nom . sg ] cover( ipfv ). prs .3 sg whole- f . acc . sg floor( f )- acc . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Slovenian pokrivati

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
preprog-a pokriva cel-a tl-a
carpet- nom . sg cover: ipfv . prs .3 sg whole- acc . pl . n floor- acc . pl
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Sorani Kurdish dapoʂîn

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
fer̂ʂ-eke tewaw kef-eke=î da-de-poʂ-ê
carpet- def complete floor- def =3 sg . pc prev - ind -cover. prs -3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Southern Rutul edukun

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
xalçıdı-ra q'ul gırgın-ane eduku-r
carpet. obl - erg board round- adv n .cover. pf - aor
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Spanish cubrir

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
la alfombra cubr-e tod-o el suelo
art . def . sg . f carpet[ sg . f ] cover- prs .3 sg all- sg . m art . def . sg . m floor[ sg . m ]
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Standard Arabic ġaṭṭā

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Ɂal-bisāṭ-u yuġaṭṭī kull-a l-Ɂarḍ-i
def -carpet( m )- nom cover. ipf .3 m all- acc def -floor( f )- gen
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Svan

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
č'äm-Ø p'ol-s a-l-päːr-i
hay- nom floor- dat prv : dist - s 3-cover- prs
‘The hay covers the floor.’

Swedish att täcka

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
matta-n täck-er hela golv-et
carpet- def . c . sg cover- prs whole floor- def . n . sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Tagalog

Valency pattern: ACT_LOC
X: ACT
Y: LOC
Locus: Y
Na-ta~takp-an ng karpet ang buo-ng sahig
pot . pv - ipfv ~cover- lv gen carpet subj whole- lin floor
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’
Note: Ask Sergey

Telugu parucukōnu

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
kārpiṭ nēla mottānni parucukuṁdi
carpet( n ). sg . nom floor( n ). sg . obl sum( n ). sg . obl . acc spread_over. pst .3 sg . nm
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Tsakhur gitkuriy

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
gaˁbaˁ-yn bıkır-ba džil gipkır-na
carpet- erg complete- a clay( a ) a .cover. pf - a
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Tsudakhar Dargwa ka-b-uc'-iz/ka-b-urc-iz

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG/LOC(LAT)
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
sːamak-le lebil č'aˤbar ka-b-uc-ible=sab
carpet- erg / loc ( lat ) all: n floor down - n -take. pfv - pret . cnv = cop : n (3)
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Tsugni Dargwa b-uc-i / b-urc-i

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
t'amsa-li libil musːa b-uc-ible=cabi
carpet- erg all: n place n -take. pfv - cnv . pret = cop : n (3)
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Turkish kaplamak

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
halı bütün yer-i kaplı-yor
carpet whole place- acc cover- prs
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

Turoyo zobəṭ

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
i marše zbəṭ-la i arʕo kul-a
art . f carpet( f ) seize. pfv - ls .3 f art . f ground( f ) all- p .3 f
‘The carpet covered the whole floor.’

Ulcha dasi-

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
əj qorča daqanča-ni qorča-wa čupal dasi-xa-ni
this wall coverlet-3 sg wall- acc whole close- pst -3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole wall.’

Uzbek qoplamoq

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
gilam barča qavat-i-ni qopla-yab-ti
carpet all floor- poss .3 sg - acc cover- prs 1-3 sg
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’

West Central Oromo uwwisa

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
afaa-n sun laf-ittʃa guutummaan uwwis-a
carpet- nom that. nom space- def . abs fully cover-3 sg . m . ipfv
‘The carpet fully covers the space.’

Zilo Andi riʃd.i-r

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
t’amsu-di riʃd.i-r itɬuɡu hoʔor
carpet. obl - erg lock. pst - prog all floor[ inan 1][ nom ]
‘The carpet covers the whole floor.’