BivalTyp

Лаборатория типологического изучения языков    Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘catch up’

Argument frame: X (catch up) with Y
Stimulus sentence: (P. had an argument with M., M. went away, P. went after her.) P. caught up with M .
Predicate label Ru: догнать
Argument frame Ru: X (догонять) Y (-а)
Stimulus sentence Ru: (П. поссорился с М., и М. ушла. П. пошел за ней). П. догнал М .

Abaza [χ’ə-]ʒa

Valency pattern: ABS_LOCxe
X: ABS
Y: LOCxe
Locus: Y
murád fatíma də-l-χ’ə́-ʒa-ṭ
pn pn 3 sg . h . abs -3 sg . f . io - loc -reach( aor )- dcl
‘Murad caught up with Fatima.’

Aghul qukː.u-na ruq’.u-

Valency pattern: ABS_POST
X: ABS
Y: POST
Locus: Y
aslan qukː.u-na meʜemed.i-q ruq’.u-ne
pn chase. pf - conv pn - post reach. pf - aor
‘Aslan caught up with Muhammad’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic +maṭə

Valency pattern: SBJ_ka
X: SBJ
Y: ka
Locus: Y
naša +mṭi-l ka baxt-u
person( m ) arrive. pst - ls .3 m to woman( f )- p .3 m
‘The man caught up with his wife.’

Brazilian Portuguese

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pedro alcançou Maria
‘Педру догнал Марию.’

Czech dohnat

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Petr dohna-l Michal-a
pn ( m )[ nom . sg ] catch_up( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ] pn ( m )- acc . sg
‘Petr caught up with Michal.’

Finnish ottaa kiinni

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: GEN~PART~NOM
Locus: TR
Pekka ott-i Mati-n kiinni
pn . nom take- pst .3 sg pn - gen shut
‘Pekka caught up with Matti’

Forest Enets dʲɔbu

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
modʲi kasa-jʔ nɛ-da dʲɔbuɔ-za
i man- nom . sg .1 sg woman- obl . sg .3 sg catch_up( pfv )-3 sg . so sg
‘My friend caught up with his wife’.

Latin consequor

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
ego ill-um in praetur-a sum consecut-us
i [ nom . sg ] that- acc . sg . m in praetorship( f )- abl . sg be. prs . ind . act .1 sg catch_up. prf . ptcp . pass - nom . sg . m
‘I caught up with him in the praetorship.’
Note: (Plin. Ep. 7, 16, 2)

Modern Hebrew higia

Valency pattern: SBJ_el
X: SBJ
Y: el
Locus: Y
Pinχas higia el Mirjam
pn reach[ pst .3 sg . m ] towards pn
‘Pinchas caught up with Miriam.’

Nanai xaŋpan-

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
Petia Maša-wa xaŋpaŋ-ki-ni
pn pn - obl catch_up- pst - p .3 sg
‘Petia caught up with Masha.’

Norwegian Bokmål å ta igjen

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Per tok Kari igjen
pn take. pst pn again
‘Per caught up with Kari.’

Polish dogonić

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Maciek dogoni-ł Jank-a
pn [ nom . sg ] catch_up: pfv - pst [ m .3 sg ] pn - acc . sg
‘Maciek caught up with Janek.’

Russian dognatʹ

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Pet-ja dogna-l Maš-u
pn ( m )- nom . sg catch_up( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ] pn ( f )- acc . sg
‘Petja caught up with Maša.’

Rutul qeqiq’ɨra

Valency pattern: NOM_SUB
X: NOM
Y: SUB
Locus: Y
rasul qe-q-iq’ɨ-r=a samira-χda
pn ( nom ) pv - re -1.catch.up. pfv - cvb =be pn - sub
‘Rasul caught up with Samira.’

Skolt Saami tääʹvted

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peâtt tääʹvt-i Määʹrj
pn . sg . nom grab- pst .3 sg pn . sg . acc
‘Pete caught up with Maria’

Slovenian dohiteti

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
patrulj-a je dohite-l-a Petr-a
patrol- nom . sg aux .3 sg catch_up: pfv - lpt - f . sg pn - acc . sg
‘The patrol caught up with Peter.’

Swedish att hinna i kapp

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Björn hann ikapp Maja
pn be_in_time. pst caught_up_with pn
‘Björn caught up with Maja.’

Turkish yetişmek

Valency pattern: NOM_DAT
X: NOM
Y: DAT
Locus: Y
Mehmet Filiz-e yetiş-ti
pn pn - dat catch_up- pst
‘Mehmet caught up with Filiz.’

Ulcha xaŋpanǯu-

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
xusə piktə əktə piktə-wə xaŋpan-ǯu-xa-ni
male child female child- acc pursue- rep - pst -3 sg
‘The boy caught up with the girl.’

Zilo Andi <w>-eχudu <w>-oqχ.o-j

Valency pattern: NOM_CONT
X: NOM
Y: CONT
Locus: Y
ali muħammadi-tʃ’u w-eχudu w-oqχ.o-j
pn [ m ][ nom ] pn - cont m -after m -reach. pst - pf
‘Ali caught up with Muhammad.’