BivalTyp

Институт лингвистических исследований РАН

‘bend’

Argument frame: X (bend) Y
Stimulus sentence: P. bent the branch .
Predicate label Ru: гнуть
Argument frame Ru: X (гнуть) Y
Stimulus sentence Ru: П. согнул ветку .

Abaza

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
á-č̣’ḳʷən a-q̇ʷadáma j-rə́-qʷa-ṭ
def -boy def -branch 3 sg . m . erg - caus -bend( aor )- dcl
‘The boy bent the branch.’

Aghul

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: ABS
Locus: TR
aslan.a t’ul č’ut’.u-ne
pn ( erg ) branch crush. pf - aor
‘Aslan bent the branch.’

Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
+Ašur +ṭip-e-lə +pavan=ət ilana
pn bend. pst - ss ( o ).3 pl - ls .3 m branch( m ). pl = rel tree( m )
‘Ashur bent the branch.’

Forest Enets

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: OBL
Locus: TR
modʲi kasa-jʔ niga bujurta
i man- nom . sg .1 sg bushes bend( pfv ).3 sg . s
‘My friend bent the branch’.

Modern Hebrew

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Pinχas kofef et ha anaf
pn bend[ pst .3 sg . m ] do def branch
‘Pinchas bent the branch.’

Norwegian Bokmål

Valency pattern: TR
X: SBJ
Y: DO
Locus: TR
Per bøy-de gren-en
pn bend- pst branch- def . m . sg
‘Per bent the branch.’

Russian

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Pet-ja sognu-l vetk-u
pn ( m )- nom . sg bend( pfv )- pst [ m . sg ] branch( f )- acc . sg
‘Petja bent the branch.’

Rutul

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
rasul-a dal q’-u<t’>k’-e hɨɁɨ-r
pn - erg branch( nom ) pv -<4>bend( intr )- imp 4.do. pfv - cvb
‘Rasul bent the branch.’

Skolt Saami

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Peâtt poonnj-i ååuʹs
pn . sg . nom bend- pst .3 sg branch. sg . acc
‘Pete bent the branch.’

Slovenian

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Pavel je upogni-l vej-o
pn [ nom . sg ] aux .3 sg bend: pfv - lpt [ m . sg ] branch- acc . sg
‘Pavel bent the branch.’

Turkish

Valency pattern: TR
X: NOM
Y: ACC
Locus: TR
Mehmet dal-ı bük-tü
pn branch- acc bend- pst
‘Mehmet bent the branch.’

Zilo Andi

Valency pattern: TR
X: ERG
Y: NOM
Locus: TR
pat’imati-di anɡa tʃ’ab-oɬ.i
pn - erg branch[ inan 1][ nom ] bend- caus . pst ( aor )
‘Patimat bent the branch.’